Where is Colombia located

Where is Colombia located on the World map?

Where is Colombia located? Colombia is a country located in South America, in the northern part of the continent. It is situated on the northwest corner of South America and is known for its diverse geography and culture.

Colombia is bordered by several neighboring countries. To the north, it is bounded by the Caribbean Sea. To the west, it shares a border with Panama. To the south, it is bordered by Ecuador and Peru. To the east, Colombia shares a border with Venezuela and Brazil.

Where is Colombia located: South America.

Location of Colombia on the World Map

Colombia World Placeholder
Colombia World

Map of Colombia.

Colombia Profile – Where is Colombia located

Here are 10 of the most important facts about Colombia:

  • Official Name: Republic of Colombia
  • Capital City: Bogotá
  • Population: Approximately 50 million (as of 2021)
  • Official Language: Spanish
  • Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)
  • Major Religion: Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholic with a minority of Protestant Christians)
  • Government: Presidential republic
  • Area: Approximately 1,141,748 square kilometers
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product): $330.8 billion (as of 2021)
  • Main Exports: Petroleum and petroleum products, coal, coffee, bananas, and flowers.
Cartagena - Colombia
Where is Colombia located

Borders of Colombia

Colombia shares land borders with five countries.

Bordering CountryApproximate Length of Border (in kilometers)
Venezuela2,219 km
Brazil1,643 km
Peru1,496 km
Ecuador590 km
Panama225 km

Colombia Map

Navigate over this map with your mouse to discover the Colombia map location.

Colombia Placeholder

Most Extreme Points of Colombia

Colombia has several extreme points in different directions:

  • Northernmost Point: Near the border with Venezuela and the Caribbean Sea, northeast of the city of Maicao.
  • Southernmost Point: The tripoint border with Brazil and Peru, in the Amazon rainforest.
  • Easternmost Point: The point on the border with Venezuela, near the town of Cumaribo.
  • Westernmost Point: The point on the Pacific Ocean coastline, near the city of Tumaco.

Highest Points of Colombia

The highest point in Colombia is Pico Cristóbal Colón, reaching an elevation of approximately 5,775 meters above sea level. It is part of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range.

No.MountainElevation (meters)
1Pico Cristóbal Colón5,775
2Pico Simón Bolívar5,700
3Pico La Reina5,493
4Pico Bonpland5,315
5Pico de Santa Isabel5,220

How big is Colombia?

Colombia covers an area of approximately 1,141,748 square kilometers, making it the 26th largest country in the world.

Comparison with Neighboring Countries

Here is a comparison of Colombia with its neighboring countries based on approximate size and population as of 2021:

CountryApproximate Size (sq. km)Approximate PopulationColombia’s Size Compared to Neighboring CountryColombia’s Population Compared to Neighboring Country
Venezuela916,44528.8 million1.69 times bigger1.16 times smaller
Brazil8,515,767213.99 million0.07 times smaller0.18 times smaller
Peru1,285,21632.9 million1.12 times bigger1.14 times smaller
Ecuador256,37017.6 million5.63 times bigger0.95 times smaller
Panama75,4174.4 million19.23 times bigger5.41 times smaller
Costa Rica51,1005.1 million28.33 times bigger4.80 times smaller
Nicaragua130,3756.7 million11.14 times bigger3.25 times smaller

What to Visit in Colombia?

Colombia offers a rich blend of history, culture, and diverse landscapes. Here are the top 10 tourist attractions:

  1. Cartagena: Known as the Jewel of the Caribbean, Cartagena is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with well-preserved colonial architecture, historic forts, and vibrant street life.
  2. Bogotá: The capital and largest city of Colombia, Bogotá offers a mix of modern skyscrapers, historic neighborhoods like La Candelaria, and bustling markets like Paloquemao.
  3. Medellín: Known as the City of Eternal Spring, Medellín is famous for its pleasant climate, innovative urban projects, and the Medellín Botanical Garden.
  4. Cali: Known as the Salsa Capital of the World, Cali is famous for its vibrant music and dance scene. You can also explore the San Antonio neighborhood for its colorful streets and cafes.
  5. Cartagena: Known as the Jewel of the Caribbean, Cartagena is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with well-preserved colonial architecture, historic forts, and vibrant street life.
  6. Tayrona National Park: Located on the Caribbean coast, Tayrona National Park boasts beautiful beaches, lush rainforests, and archaeological sites of the indigenous Tayrona people.
  7. Salento: A charming town in the Coffee Triangle known for its coffee plantations, stunning landscapes, and the Cocora Valley, home to Colombia’s national tree, the wax palm.
  8. San Andrés and Providencia: These Caribbean islands offer pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters for snorkeling and diving, and a laid-back atmosphere.
  9. Mompox: A historic town on the banks of the Magdalena River, Mompox is known for its well-preserved colonial architecture and as the setting for Gabriel García Márquez’s novel “One Hundred Years of Solitude.”
  10. Villa de Leyva: A picturesque colonial town with cobblestone streets, Villa de Leyva is home to one of the largest town squares in South America and numerous well-preserved historic buildings.

These Colombian destinations offer a diverse array of experiences, from delving into ancient history and religious significance to savoring the vibrancy of urban life and immersing yourself in the breathtaking natural landscapes of the country. Keep in mind that certain locations, particularly religious sites like Monserrate or the Salt Cathedral, may have specific restrictions or entry prerequisites, so it’s crucial to verify these details before organizing your trip.

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