Where is Mongolia located on the world map? Mongolia 2

Where is Mongolia located on the world map?

Where is Mongolia located? Mongolia is a country situated in Central Asia, on the eastern side of the Asian continent. It is one of the largest landlocked countries in the world.

Mongolia is positioned in the central part of Asia, sharing its borders with several neighboring nations. To the north, it is bordered by Russia. To the south, it shares a border with China. To the west, it is bounded by Kazakhstan, and to the east, it shares borders with China once again. Mongolia’s vast and diverse landscapes make it a unique destination for exploration and adventure.

Where is Mongolia located: Asia.

Location of Mongolia on the World Map

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Mongolia World

Map of Mongolia.

Mongolia Profile – Where is Mongolia located

Here are 10 of the most important facts about Mongolia:

  • Official Name: Mongolia
  • Capital City: Ulaanbaatar
  • Population: Approximately 3.3 million (as of 2021)
  • Official Language: Mongolian
  • Currency: Mongolian Tögrög (MNT)
  • Major Religion: Buddhism (predominantly Tibetan Buddhism with some Shamanism)
  • Government: Parliamentary republic
  • Area: Approximately 1,564,110 square kilometers
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product): $13.4 billion (as of 2021)
  • Main Exports: Copper, gold, cashmere, textiles, and livestock products.
Where is Mongolia located

Borders of Mongolia

Mongolia shares land borders with three countries.

Bordering CountryApproximate Length of Border (in kilometers)
Russia3,485 km
China4,677 km
Kazakhstan1,294 km

Mongolia Map

Navigate over this map with your mouse to discover Mongolia’s map location.

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Most Extreme Points of Mongolia

Mongolia boasts several extreme geographical points in various directions:

  • Northernmost Point: Near the border with Russia, to the north of the town of Tsagaannuur.
  • Southernmost Point: At the southernmost tip of Mongolia, near the border with China in the Gobi Desert.
  • Easternmost Point: The point along the border with China and Russia, near the village of Tashanta.
  • Westernmost Point: The point on the border with Russia, along the Altai Mountains, near the village of Tsaaganuur.

Highest Points of Mongolia

The highest point in Mongolia is Tavan Bogd Uul, soaring to an elevation of approximately 4,374 meters above sea level. It is part of the Altai mountain range.

No.MountainElevation (meters)
1Tavan Bogd 4,374
3Khuiten Peak4,374
4Nairamdal Peak4,180
5Malchin Peak4,050

How big is Mongolia?

Mongolia spans an area of about 1,564,110 square kilometers, ranking it as the 18th largest country globally.

Comparison with Neighboring Countries

Below is a comparison of Mongolia with its neighboring countries based on approximate size and population as of 2021:

CountryApproximate Size (sq. km)Approximate PopulationMongolia’s Size Compared to Neighboring CountryMongolia’s Population Compared to Neighboring Country
Russia17,125,191145.9 million14.18 times smaller0.46 times smaller
China9,596,9611.4 billion25.05 times smaller0.03 times smaller
Kazakhstan2,724,90018.8 million88.09 times smaller0.14 times smaller
Kyrgyzstan199,9516.6 million495.05 times smaller0.07 times smaller
Tajikistan143,1009.6 million689.58 times smaller0.05 times smaller
Uzbekistan448,97834.7 million220.93 times smaller0.04 times smaller
China (Inner Mongolia)1,183,00025 million83.39 times smaller0.06 times smaller

What to Visit in Mongolia?

Mongolia beckons with its rich history, unique culture, and stunning landscapes. Here are the top 7 tourist attractions:

  1. Ulaanbaatar: The capital and largest city of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar seamlessly blends modernity with tradition. Explore historical sites, like Gandantegchinlen Monastery, and experience the vibrant atmosphere of Narantuul Market.
  2. Kharkhorin: Visit the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire, known as Karakorum. Discover remnants of this once-great city, including the Erdene Zuu Monastery, Mongolia’s oldest Buddhist monastery.
  3. Gobi Desert: Explore the vast and captivating Gobi Desert, famous for its unique landscapes, sand dunes, and the Flaming Cliffs, where dinosaur fossils have been discovered.
  4. Lake Khövsgöl: Located in the north, this pristine freshwater lake offers a serene escape amidst lush forests and is often referred to as the “Blue Pearl of Mongolia.”
  5. Altai Mountains: Journey to the western part of Mongolia to witness the breathtaking Altai Mountains, renowned for their rugged beauty, diverse wildlife, and opportunities for trekking and adventure.
  6. Terelj National Park: Located near Ulaanbaatar, this park boasts picturesque valleys, granite rock formations, and the iconic Turtle Rock. It’s an ideal spot for hiking and experiencing Mongolia’s nomadic culture.
  7. Amarbayasgalant Monastery: Explore this stunning Buddhist monastery nestled in the Selenge Province. Its architecture and tranquil surroundings make it a cultural and spiritual gem.

These Mongolian destinations provide a wide array of experiences, from delving into its nomadic heritage and exploring ancient history to connecting with the unspoiled natural beauty of its landscapes. Keep in mind that some locations may have specific entry requirements, so it’s advisable to check before planning your visit.

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